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Tuesday, November 17, 2020 | History

2 edition of study of the histochemical fiber composition of the muscles of mastication of cynomologous (sic) monkeys (Macaca Fasicularis) found in the catalog.

study of the histochemical fiber composition of the muscles of mastication of cynomologous (sic) monkeys (Macaca Fasicularis)

Michael R. Biggar

study of the histochemical fiber composition of the muscles of mastication of cynomologous (sic) monkeys (Macaca Fasicularis)

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Published by Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto] in [Toronto .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Dip.Orthodont.)--University of Toronto, Faculty of Dentistry, 1987.

Statementby Michael R. Biggar.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21038559M

In contrast to the hindlimb muscles, the four forelimb muscles investigated were made up of very small myofibres (CSA muscles, type IIB exhibits the largest CSA (– µm 2) and type IIX the smallest (– µm 2). For each fibre type, the flexor muscle biceps brachii showed. -Cardiac muscle=Blood goes through your body because of the rhythmically beating cardiac muscle of your heart and smooth muscle in the walls of blood vessels (help maintain blood pressure) -Smooth muscle in organs of the digestive, urinary, and reproductive tracts propel, or squeezes, substances (foodstuff, urine, semen) through the organs and. motor neuron and the muscle fiber contract. muscle and bone. tendons connect to. first event in muscle contraction. stimulation occurs when Ach is released from end of motor neuron. Anatomy Study Guide. 26 terms. A&P Chapter 9. 26 terms. Review Ch. 8 A&P. 46 terms. Muscle Physiology. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. 54 terms. PSC 71 terms. Let’s now discuss muscle fiber types because not all muscle behaves in the same way. We have three main muscle fiber types. We have two that are considered red muscle and one that’s considered white muscle. What makes the red muscle red is the myoglobin that is involved in that particular muscle fiber type.


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study of the histochemical fiber composition of the muscles of mastication of cynomologous (sic) monkeys (Macaca Fasicularis) by Michael R. Biggar Download PDF EPUB FB2

Uhlig Y, Weber BR, Grob D, Müntener M. Fiber composition and fiber transformations in neck muscles of patients with dysfunction of the cervical spine. J Orthop Res. Mar; 13 (2)– Vasavada AN, Li S, Delp SL. Influence of muscle morphometry and moment arms on the moment-generating capacity of human neck by:   Comparative histochemical composition of muscle fibres in a pre‐ and a postvertebral muscle of the cervical spine correlation and regression analyses were used to determine whether fibre type proportions changed in either muscle with increasing age.

The present study has revealed histochemical differences between longus colli and Cited by: The present study examined the effect of 16 weeks of concurrent SE training on maximal muscle strength (MVC), contractile rate of force development (RFD), muscle fiber morphology and composition.

The classification of masticatory muscles of the guinea pig was made with study of the histochemical fiber composition of the muscles of mastication of cynomologous book aid of biochemical and physiological methodsWith histochemical methods (succinic dehydrogenase, myosin ATPase.

Archs oral Biol. 28, Essén-Gustavsson B. and Borges O. () Histochemical and metabolic characteristics of human skeletal muscle in relation to age. Ada physiol. scand.Gollnick P. and Matoba H.

() The muscle fiber composition of skeletal muscle as a predictor of athletic success. Sports Med. 12, Cited by: Muscle Spindle Density. The muscle spindle density, MS/cm 2, was higher (mean, SD) in the deep 43 (16) than in the sup ant 27 (11) and sup post 4 (6) masseter portions (P = andrespectively), and higher in the sup ant than in the sup post (P = ).

The muscle spindle density in the biceps brachii 20 (13) was lower than that of the deep (P = ) masseter (Table 1). Muscle Fiber Typing. Initially, whole muscles were classified as being fast or slow based on speeds of shortening. 3 This division also corresponded to a morphological difference, with the fast muscles appearing white in some species, notably birds, and the slow muscles appearing red.

The redness is the result of high amounts of myoglobin and a high capillary content. 3 The greater. Muscle specimens Muscle samples from 6 healthy men aged yr, with normal intermaxillary relationships and com- plete dentitions, were obtained from the left masseter, the medial pterygoid and the temporal muscles one to three days after death; this delay does not hamper reliable histochemical fibre typing of necropsy sam- ples (Eriksson et.

Mastication is the process of grinding and chewing food into smaller pieces in the oral cavity of the head turning it into a food bolus.

This mass can then be swallowed with ease and further digested as it passes along the alimentary canal. Apart from the teeth and the tongue, certain muscles known as the masticatory muscles partake in specific movements of the temporomandibular joint. Only one study to date has observed myosin composition in the IA muscle.

6 The MHC types I, IIA, and IIB were found in single fibers by SDS-PAGE and Western blot techniques, with a reportedly higher percentage of type 1 than type II fibers, but these results are questionable, because type IIB MHC protein is not expressed in humans.

In addition. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of morphological characteristics of porcine muscle fibers on growth performance, muscle fiber characteristics, and pork quality taken from the longissimus dorsi muscle. A total of crossbred pigs ( castrated males and 75 females) were used in this study.

Changes in enzyme activities of various muscle fiber types in rat induced by different exercises. Histochenc. Cytocheru. KUCELBERC, E., and L. EDSTR6M. Differential histochemical effects of muscle contractions on phosphorylase and glycogen in various types of fibers: relation to fatigue.

Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. Histochemical analysis of fiber-type composition showed that the muscle has a marked gradient of fiber-type distribution in which type I fibers comprise % of fibers in the deepest region but.

Gauthier GF. On the relationship of ultrastructural and cytochemical features of color in mammalian skeletal muscle. Z Zellforsch Mikrosk Anat. ; 95 (3)– Gauthier GF, Padykula HA. Cytological studies of fiber types in skeletal muscle. A comparative study of the mammalian diaphragm.

J Cell Biol. Feb; 28 (2)–   Three fundamental muscle fiber properties are identified using histochemical methods. ("Histochemical" [histo = tissue] implies that the chemical reaction is occurring in the tissue itself, rather than in a test tube or other reaction vessel.) These histochemical methods rely on the fact that enzymes located in thin ( µm) frozen sections of.

Mascarello F, Veggetti A. A comparative histochemical study of intrinsic laryngeal muscles of ungulates and carnivores. Basic Appl Histochem. ; 23 (2)– Maxwell LC, Carlson DS, Brangwyn CE.

Lack of 'acid reversal' of myofibrillar adenosine triphosphatase in masticatory muscle fibres of rhesus monkeys.

Histochemical techniques based upon the pH sensitivity of myofibrillar adenosine triphosphatase are used to differentiate avian skeletal muscle fibers as either fast or thoracica m. pectoralis (PM) of several avian species, Pars cranialis imi dorsi (LDCR) of the Japanese quail, and M. tensor propatagialis (TP) of the domestic pigeon are examined.

Activity was found regularly in the muscle parts that were anatomically qualified to perform this Volume 13 Number 3 FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY OF M L'SCLES OF MASTICATION movement, except for the variable activity of the posterior part of the temporal and the deep part of the masseter muscles as reported by Greenfield and Wyke Per- haps the.

arrangement of the muscles and of their fiber composition (White and SpiritoT se et al. Swimming is powered by the intera ction of four sets of muscles that receive separ ate.

A muscle biopsy from the vastus lateralis muscle of a strength-trained woman was found to contain an unusual fiber type composition and was analyzed by histochemical, biochemical, and ultrastructural techniques.

Special attention was given to the C-fibers, which comprised over 15% of the total fiber number in the biopsy. Anapol, F., and Herring, S. W.,Ontogeny of histochemical fiber types and muscle function in the masseter muscle of miniature swine. Langenbach, G.

J., and van Eijden, T. J., a, Fiber-type composition of the human jaw muscles – (part 1) origin and functional significance of fiber-type diversity. M., a, A. The muscle group referred to as the muscles of mastication includes the temporalis, the medial and lateral pterygoid, and the masseter muscles on both sides of the face and jaws.

These voluntary skeletal muscles are derived from the paraxial mesoderm of the first branchial arch whilst their connective tissue components are derived from.

muscle fiber composition of the per- tinent musculature in patients with back pain, optimal treatments can be designed.

This review aims to explore the relationship between the muscle fiber composition of back muscles and their respective functional capacities in healthy subjects and in patients with back pain.

Through this process. There are four classical muscles of mastication. During mastication, three muscles of mastication (musculi masticatorii) are responsible for adduction of the jaw, and one (the lateral pterygoid) helps to abduct it.

All four move the jaw laterally. Other muscles, usually associated with the hyoid, such as the mylohyoid muscle, are responsible for opening the jaw in addition to the lateral pterygoid.

sosaurus dorsalis. In the present study, we undertook a survey of the fiber composition of 12 locomotory muscles of this lizard. Our pur- poses in undertaking this study were (1) to de- termine if our histochemical techniques could be applied to other locomotory muscles; (2) to determine if fiber types not contained within.

Edgerton VR, Gerchman L, Carrow R. Histochemical changes in rat skeletal muscle after exercise. Exp Neurol. ;24(1) Edstrom L, Nystrom B. Histochemical types and sizes of fibres in normal human muscles. A biopsy study.

Acta Neurol Scand. ;45(3) Engel WK, Brooke MH, Nelson PG. The histochemical pattern of red, pink and white muscle of fish living in fresh, brackish, and salt water is reported.

The muscle fibres were stained routinely during the year for lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), menadione α‐glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (Mα—GPDH), succinic dehydrogenase (SDH), myosin adenosine triphosphatase (myosin ATPase), phosphorylase, lipids and glycogen.

a, b) Surface views of the cortical sites from which jaw and tongue muscle activities were evoked by ICMS (60 m A) at AP planes, and. In this study, the testing protocol didn’t fare nearly as well. The correlation between muscle fiber proportions and reps to failure at both 70% and 85% of 1rm was less thanmeaning that less than 4% of the variability could be explained by differences in muscle fiber type.

View Notes - Development of the Muscles of Mastication from ANA at Nova Southeastern University. Oral Embryology Development of the Masticatory Muscles Charles. When you study the prepared slide of skeletal muscle examine an area that Analyzing Muscle Fiber Types: Various histochemical methods are employed to distinguish fiber types and today you will examine images of one such staining method and determine the fiber type composition of the muscle tissue.

The procedure uses an enzyme reaction in. Covers the temporal muscle Origo: superior temporal line Insertion: zygomatic arch Has two layers: 1. superficial inserted into the lateral border of the arch 2. deep inserted into the medial border of the arch Between these layers is a small quantity of fat and attachment of the superficial fibres of the temporal muscle The Temporal Fascia.

Muscle that is attached directly or indirectly to the skeleton. Cardiac muscle — muscle of the heart. Differentiated by the presence of intercalated disks. Smooth muscle — located in arteries and the lymph system as well as the digestive and reproduction systems. No real ordered myofibrils and thus nonstriated appearance.

Skeletal muscle fiber. Histochemical studies show that the distribution of fiber types in human jaw muscles is different from that in various limb muscles, no doubt representing different functional demands as well as a different embryological derivation.

Jaw-closing muscles appear more resistant to fatigue than limb muscles with intermittent maximal contractions. Most human muscles, in contrast with those of chickens, contain a mixture of the fiber types and thus appear pink.

The relative distribution of fiber type within a muscle is genetically determined. Fiber type-specific programs of gene expression are not restricted to the MHC isoforms, but exist for many other muscle proteins.

Fiber type-specific isoforms exist for: 1. The essential and regulatory myosin light chains (MLC) 2. The three troponin subunits 3. Tropomyosin 4.

a-actinin 5. Based on the histochemical and biochemical properties, human skeletal muscles are divided into two categories as given below: • Slow, type I fibers, also called slow twitch fibers • Fast, type II biers, also called fast twitch fibers.

Fast twitch fibers are further classified into. Hamster Skeletal Muscle Fiber Composition tibodies) and hybrid fibers (i.e., fibers that expressed multiple heavy chains). Determination of Muscle Fiber Composition and Cross-sectional Area All the fibers contained in each muscle cross-section were typed to determine the relative population of each fiber.

Barends PMG () The relation between fiber type composition and function in the jaw adductor muscle of the perch (Percafluviatilis, L.). A histochemical study. A histochemical study. Proc K Ned Akad Wet Ser C – Google Scholar.

Muscle contains different fiber types Necessity for different fiber types based on wide range of functions muscle performs.

Rapid powerful movements such as sprinting or lifting heavy weights versus long-lasting, less powerful contraction required for posture. The muscles which are required for mastication or chewing are known as the muscles of mastication.

These muscles help mainly in the movement of the mandible and not the maxilla as maxilla is an integral part of the skull and the mandible being the only movable bone in the skull. MUSCLE OF MASTICATION • The muscles which are required for mastication are known as the muscles of mastication, These muscles help mainly in the movement of the mandible and not the maxilla as maxilla is an integral part of the skull and the mandible being the only movable bone in the skull.Muscle fiber typing is conventionally performed using mATPase enzyme histochemistry on cryostat sections.

After pre-incubation of sections at pHandbased on the pattern of enzyme reactivity, the fibers can be classified in types I, II (subtypes A, AB and B) and the intermediate C (I and II) fibers.

We have attempted to perform fiber typing of human psoas muscle by.